The Etruscan Necropolis


Pian dei Lupi is between Castelnuovo della Misericordia and Nibbiaia.

The excavations, conducted from 2001 to 2005, have unearthed more than 100 graves, dating from between the late fourth and the early first century b.c. Burials are formed in a layer of soil hard and compact and they are almost exclusively tombs cremation of the type 'in the cockpit', sometimes covered by a stone slab rough-hewn local or from a tile. The tombs, a short distance between them, seem grouped into multiple systems roughly circular, which indicate the presence of the deceased in a sort of 'clan' noble. The settlement, which was located in the vicinity of the cemetery, stood in a place which enjoyed an undeniable strategic position: from here, in fact, and from the hills nearby, it was possible to have a large control over the sea, where it intersected the main maritime routes, but also oversee a vast stretch of the immediate hinterland where they passed important roads. It can be assumed that the settlement of Pian dei Lupi would fit within a program of occupation of the territory, sponsored by the city of Pisa and motivated primarily by economic factors, such as the recovery of agricultural land and underutilized commercial interests to the outlets to the sea. At the same time, the center could perform the function of military control, becoming part of the defensive system that creates Pisa, at the end of the fourth century b.c. , on the border with the territory of Volterra, and which had its stronghold in Castiglioncello.

The quality and richness of the kits, indicates the existence of an upper-class, or even aristocratic, which drew its wealth from agriculture and commerce. The presence of men in the kits of many amphorae of type-Italic greek attest to the participation of the community to the trade of Italy Tyrrhenian middle and late Republican period; close relations with Rome are proven by the presence of Roman coins exclusively within the burials. The imported goods that are often part of the outfits (especially ceramics, but also jewelery and bronze objects) testify to the existence of trade relations and exchange that took place mainly through the coastal landing


The images below are taken from specialist publications
by the Archaeological Museum of Maritime Rosignano.
It 'may not be reproduced for any purpose.


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